Fela Kuti on Film

Who has the right to speak about the late Nigerian Afrobeat king, Fela Kuti, and how is that right earned? Also, what do you exclude? What do you include?

The late Fela Kuti in 1983.

Documentary films truncate an entire life into fleeting bursts of exuberance and somber moments. Any moments that exist in between, however significant they are, are left out completely or brushed over. In making a documentary, on any subject, the director carves a narrative. And at times, the narrative carves itself. The decision then to make a documentary on the astounding life of Fela Kuti is a brave one. What do you exclude? What do you include? And most importantly, what informs these decisions?

The other question that is important to address is, who has the right to speak about Fela Kuti? And how is that right earned? On these questions, the documentary succeeds by rounding individuals that worked with Fela, friends, his kids, former lovers, his managers and other musicians.

“Finding Fela” attempts to marry two defined art forms: theatre and cinema. For the first half of the documentary (for which there is no trailer online), the Broadway play ‘Fela!’ forms the foundation of the narrative. And immediately, the classic peculiarity of stage plays, which is exaggeration, is evident. Stage plays are primarily concerned with entertaining. The stage play ‘Fela!’ when juxtaposed with archive footage of Fela Kuti is off in its depiction. It never quite convinces. Even at its best moments, that if they existed by themselves would have been incredible, it fails. Sahr Ngaujah, who plays Fela Kuti in the stage play, never dances, sings or speaks quite like Fela. It is burdened with the problem of depiction. The burden being that a depiction can never be adequate, especially when it tries to depict something perfectly. It is better when it falls short. When depiction does not fall short, when something is over depicted, it becomes obvious that it is being staged.

Though Alex Gibney, the director, uses the stage play to weave the story, he stuck to a prosaic documentary style. The result is a formulaic narrative. The documentary is not at all boring. It benefits greatly from Fela’s eventful life, and the rare archive footage of Fela and the great interviewees but it lacks treatment.

In using the stage play to tell the narrative, the documentary has two perspectives. Those of Bill T Lewis, the stage play director, who is concerned with omitting certain aspects of Fela’s life out of the stage play because he finds them troublesome. The other perspective is that of Alex Gibney who is uninterested in any of that but instead is infatuated with Fela’s philandering and polygamy. As a result Fela’s love for women dominates the narrative, unnecessarily so.

The documentary tells of Fela Kuti’s life, not only through other people but through his own words too, he is not merely a point of discussion. His music dominates. The music is dissected and the meaning of it made clear. The documentary aptly captures most of his songs and politics. Fela’s music however has always possessed more than a single layer. It is deep yet it can also be accessible in a form that makes it seem unimportant. His songs are not loyal to one emotion. They can instigate a riot and yet somewhere else, under a different time, they can start a party.

Lewis reveals that compressing Fela’s songs to fit into the length of the play, was an impossible task. This is true for the documentary as well. The two art forms, theatre and cinema, both operate within the confines of time. Fela’s music did not. His songs were as long as they needed to be. The rhythm of the songs was often repetitive, the same rhythm over and over again until the piece of rhythm justifies its own presence, both in the song and in life itself. Fela’s music embodied his feelings. This he says in the documentary. In the play the songs come in short bursts. Each time, the song is separated from the rest of itself, and often from a point that is vibrant enough to reel the audience in. But this works and the documentary will earn Fela’s music many new fans.

Halfway through the documentary, the stage play is subdued out of the narrative and the documentary is narrated by interviews and archive footage of Fela Kuti. And then Fela Kuti becomes alive and present. He sits there in his couch, often only in his underwear and spewing consciousness to the camera and a crowded room. He is at the Shrine, amidst thick political haze, telling the government where to fuck off. And then he is at a jazz festival gyrating his waist on stage to songs composed to play at the precise moment. The songs move with him and never in haste by themselves. It is 1978, he is there with twenty-seven women and he marries them at once. In those moments, Fela manages to escape the past and he is here today and not trapped in the film frame in some distant decade. He is among and within the audience.

The documentary premiered earlier this year at the Sundance Film Festival and has been screened only five times. I watched the film outside at the The Castle of Good Hope as part of the Design Indaba Film Festival. This was the film’s African premiere. (The Castle is a symbol of Dutch colonialism and slavery at the Cape, BTW.) People cuddled in blankets as the Cape Town wind was blowing. Above the crowd, the sky threatened to rain but it never did. Enclosing the crowd from all sides were concrete walls of the Castle in washed out hues of yellow.

Femi Kute, Fela’s eldest son, says in the documentary “What trouble is he (Fela) going to cause next?” Not trouble, for the sake of it, the documentary also shows. Fela wanted change and through music, began to advocate for it. That is the trouble Femi speaks of.

In 1977, the police set Fela’s commune on fire and arrested him and his mother. His mother was to die a few months later and Fela’s life drastically changes. He becomes more militant in his music. He becomes aloof as a human being, both to friends and the rest of the universe. The archive to show this is feels real as if one is experiencing the story for the first time.

The documentary is not without its faults, both technically and on its gaze but it is a necessary visual document on one of Africa’s best musician and a politically conscious figure.

Further Reading

Goodbye, Piassa

The demolition of an historic district in Addis Ababa shows a central contradiction of modernization: the desire to improve the country while devaluing its people and culture.

And do not hinder them

We hardly think of children as agents of change. At the height of 1980s apartheid repression in South Africa, a group of activists did and gave them the tool of print.

The new antisemitism?

Stripped of its veneer of nuance, Noah Feldman’s essay in ‘Time’ is another attempt to silence opponents of the Israeli state by smearing them as anti-Jewish racists.